Understanding the Causes and Symptoms of Gum Disease
Gum disease is an extremely common dental problem that is almost universally preventable. The first stage, called gingivitis, is a mild inflammation and infection at the base of your gum line. Gingivitis is often reversible with proper care. If untreated, the infection spreads and weakens the supportive tissues and jawbone. Advanced stages lead to more obvious symptoms and serious consequences like tooth loss. Twice-daily brushing and daily flossing can prevent many cases of serious periodontal disease.
10 Symptoms of Gum Disease
The most common signs and symptoms of gingivitis or periodontitis include the following:
- Red or purple gums
- Swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Gum sensitivity or tenderness
- Receding gums
- New spaces between teeth
- Presence of pus between teeth and gums
- Bad breath or unpleasant taste in mouth
- Loose teeth
- Changes in bite
Common Causes of Gum Disease
Periodontal disease begins when bacteria-laden plaque forms on the surface of teeth. Although brushing and flossing removes plaque, it re-forms within 24 hours. If it stays on your teeth for more than two or three days, it hardens into tartar, which requires professional removal. The bacterial toxins in plaque and tartar irritate and inflame gum tissues. Eventually, deep pockets form between your teeth and gums, and these fill with bacteria, plaque, and tartar. As the infection advances under your gums, tissue and bone loss occurs. Although poor oral hygiene causes most cases of gum disease, other risk factors include smoking, hormonal changes in women, diabetes, depressed immune function, medications that reduce the flow of saliva, and genetic susceptibility.
Protect Your Teeth from Periodontal Disease
The long-term consequences of untreated periodontitis include early tooth loss and increased risk of serious medical problems like cardiovascular disease. To prevent them, practice consistent oral hygiene, visit your dentist regularly, and make an appointment immediately if your gums appear puffy and red, or bleed when you brush your teeth.
To learn about our family dentistry practice in South Ocala, call Advanced Dental Care of Shady Road today at (352) 433-4934 or make an appointment.
Advanced Dental Care offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in South Ocala. With 21 affiliated practices throughout Florida, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Advanced Dental Care of Shady Road, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Advanced Dental Care of Shady Road.